Candidates receive and spend money through committees. These are the combined financial totals for all of this candidate's authorized committees. Learn more about each committee's fundraising and spending on its page.
In joint fundraising, a political committee raises funds with at least one other political committee or unregistered organization. Committees involved in joint fundraising share the costs of the fundraiser and divide up the money raised according to a ratio agreed to by the participants when the joint fundraising committee is formed.
All candidate filings: All years
Candidates are required to file a Statement of Candidacy every time they run for office. Financial reports from committees are available on committee pages.
Spending by others to oppose/support
This tab shows spending that opposes or supports this candidate. None of the funds are directly given to or spent by the candidate.
These totals are drawn from quarterly, monthly and semi-annual reports. 24- and 48-Hour Reports of independent expenditures aren't included.
To help users work with this data, we divide each itemized disbursement amount by the number of federal candidates named in connection with that disbursement. The resulting amount is listed here.